So, a little more explanation of coppicing, for those who don’t know about it (those who do, please click somewhere else – now!).
The above is a rare West Yorkshire (or West Riding of Yorkshire as we used to say) hazel coppice I’m working/restoring. It has not been cut for about 55 years, and should have been cut every 7 years. This is why it is called derelict. It’s over-grown, lots of dead wood, large tree-sized members in the stools. OK rewind, a stool is this:
Essentially a collection of stems all growing from the same roots. When it’s derelict it contains: very big stuff – in our case up to about 7 inches diameter; living and dead sun shoots (these are rods which shoot up to the sun very quickly doh!); rotten wood; birds’ nests; long thick straight poles; long bent wiggly poles and anything in between.
Usually coppice woodland contains some standards. These are trees which will be harvested outside the coppicing 7 year cycle, that is they are left to mature into proper timber, maybe 50 years or more. ”Our” woodland seems to be lacking in proper standards, and instead has self-seeded trees, mostly only fit for firewood.
This is a hazel stool that has been cut. Notice how I’ve angled the trimming cuts to shed the rainwater away from the centre of the stool. It will now regenerate and hopefully grow lots and lots of straight rods, useful for a hundred things, including hurdles. The re-growth will be better after the second cut – in about 14 years’ time, hey that’s when I’ll be 73, well if I’m still going strong (why not?).
I’m not sure how or when this coppice woodland was established, but someone, quite a while ago, planted a host of hazel over 2.5 hectares. It has been cut previously, and the stools are well established, but not ancient.
The trouble is. Once the hazel is cut, and it starts to push up the re-growth in spindly stems. These are seen as ideal snack material for deer (mostly roe deer around here). So, it is a good idea to attempt to discourage the deer. We try to do this by heaping the brash (cut tops of the hazel) on top of the stools. The regrowth will come through, but hopefully the deer will be discouraged. A better way is to erect high fences to keep the deer out.
The brash stack gets deeper and deeper and avoids burning anything, and ultimately ends up as dead hedging. This is a method of using the rubbish from cutting to form a hedge of dead material which has a temporary function (deer repulsion). It will later rot down and return to the soil.
We are after getting several marketable products out of this: logs for fire wood: logs for charcoal; hedging posts; staves; sticks; weaving material; stuff for courses etc, etc. The piece looks a bit chaotic, but there is a method.